Wednesday, September 30, 2009
Galileo developed a more advanced telescope, which he saw sunspots with. With that, he discovered new stars such as Jupiter.
His discoery lead to the findings that all planets revolved around the sun and that there was a gravitational force because some of the planets seemed to dissapear from him when they actually revolved somewhere else.
However, I felt that this is a situation in which an ending is not necessarily needed. Both opinions were stated clearly with personal opinions provided, proving that both sides felt passionate about what they were arguing. My personal opinion is that the categories Ms. Xia posted on the board regarding ways in which one gathers knowledge from were all adequate and I agreed with each of them. Yes, providing proven evidence on a matter will cause me to trust the topic to its fullest extent, however learning things through personal experiences and/or being enlightened religiously are ways I choose to abide by as well. Yet this is not how the whole class felt, and some argued that in order for one to truly believe, there must be a topic hand in hand with concrete proof. This proved that for some, believing is seeing, and for others, seeing is believing.
As we dive into our next unit, with chapters relating to great revolutions world wide, we will find that many of the transformations made will tie into our class discussion that took place on Friday. Not all discoveries and changes being made were supported by proof or concrete evidence, and some will run along the lines of a more spontaneous event, backed up by merely personal beliefs. It was crucial for us to get a taste for what we will be learning, and become better familiarized with a topic that will arise frequently as we continue to grow. Determining how one chooses to gain their knowledge is both a personal and essential task, and it was nice to begin in deciding which categories we will choose by introducing the topic in class.
Tuesday, September 29, 2009
The aspect that drew my empire close to the Portuguese, was the heavy focus on trading with other empires. We were able to successfully bring our empire to power through trade with various African tribes, which in total, advanced our culture and technology. We also established tribute systems such as the Ming empire. Like the Moghuls, we unitied people who share common beliefs. The Moghuls united the Hindus, who all shared the same religion. We united the African tribes, who all shared the common lifestyle and beliefs.
Monday, September 28, 2009
From the reading over the Mughal Empire that I did, I get the idea that the text book is trying to make this man Akbar seem like a very nice and accepting guy. There is no doubt that he is a very accepting man, because he did accommodate foreigner as much as he could, but what were his intentions of doing this?
I get the feeling that Akbar only did these nice deeds to everyone only because he wanted to be accepted by everyone. This seems very selfish because he should actually want to do it, because it really matters to him. He should not only do something because It is what is best for himself.
Even though Akbar might have done these good deeds because it was in his best interests, ultimately his actions helped shape a very accepting community. By him accepting the Hindus, other cultures came such as the turks, because they knew that they would be accepted there. This boosted the mughal economy and it thrived throughout Akbar's rule. Once Akbar died, Aurandzeb took over, and completely reversed what Akbar was doing, by banning traditions of other religions other than muslims, and also by implying the Jizya tax, a non-believer tax, he completely destroyed the mughal empire. He made the empire so weak, that after he died, Britain took over with ease.
Carson, Dylan and I came up with the Sun Wizards, a very successful Civilization that started in the Panama area, and expanded to the North and South.
The Ottomans were a very organized civilization that had very successful conquering expeditions. Like the Ottomans, the Sun Wizards are also a very organized civilization that easily conquered land because of there organized government. The Sun WIzards were very persistent like the Ottoman, and they never gave up until they had what they wanted. The Ottoman and the Sun Wizards are just simply very successful civilizations that lasted a long time because of there persistence.
The Sun Wizards adopted many of the Aztec customs when they took over the Aztec Empire. One of the main inspirations to the Sun Wizards was the cosmopolitan of Tenochtitlan. The Sun Wizards fell in love with this great city on the Toxcoco Lake, and formatted their whole trade industry after Tenochtitlan. After discovering the way that the Tenochtitlan dealt with trade, the Sun Wizards placed plantations of different crops all over the Empire, and that way the Sun Wizards were dependent on only themselves, and not on different Empires around them. This lead to very little warfare, adding to the years that this civilization of the Sun Wizards survived.
The Sun Wizards share one main thing with the Ming Dynasty, and that is that they both established great power, and were both seen as huge threats. The Ming acquired this by going on extensive maritime expeditions, and the Sun Wizards with there strong and organized government were seen as a threat to anyone, because they very easily took over the Aztecs. They only shared this main aspect, because the Ming were also a very weak and unorganized dynasty, which the Sun Wizards aren't. The Ming were unorganized because they had opposing government such as the Eunichs vs the officials, which lead to huge disagreements that caused the Empire to fall by itself. This would never happen to the Sun Wizards because they are not weak, and they are very organized. They only have one main form of government, and that is why they don't have disagreement in the empire.
The Inca Empire was one of the empires that the Sun Wizards conquered, and prior to conquering them, we named our Empire after a very important element in the Inca civilization, and that is the sun. To the Sun Wizards the sun is the essence to everything, because it keeps the crops growing, which does two things. First having the crops keeps everyone alive, because nobody starves to death, and it also keeps the economy running. After conquering the Inca Empire the Sun Wizards also used the method of having storehouses, so that nobody in the Empire went hungry during times of war or bad seasons.
The Sun Wizards shared the ambition that Spain had to conquer new lands, but they also differed a lot from the Spaniards. The Spanish did have ambition when It came to conquering, but it was way too much. Unlike the Spaniards who treated the Indians very poorly, we Sun Wizards learned to live with our newly conquered people. During our invasion we only went to kill the main emperor of the civilizations instead of constantly inflicting violence on every single person. After the Invasion everyone was accepted into any position of the civilization, and no one was discriminated. This made everyone happy, and thats why the Sun Wizards were a more successful empire than any other empire.
I've made a video based on the discussion we had in class the other day. It is pretty much self explanatory. Also, its my first video blog so go easy on me...
Although I'm not presenting this in class, i think it fits the criteria of a synthesis.
I created something to present for the class in 5-10 minutes (PowerPoint/video clip/speech), that presents an interesting point beyond the original document (in this case, a point beyond our discussion in class) and supports it with evidence.
The next video I make will have to do with the veracity of the Bible, and other evidence Christians use to back their claims.
Something that was mentioned during the Ottoman Empire reading was the fall of Constantinople. The brief comment about the Ottoman siege on Constantinople in Strayer's Ways of the World left me wondering, how was it that such a great capitol was taken over this easily by the Ottomans?
This once prosperous capitol of the Byzantine Empire was conquered by the Ottoman Empire during April 5, 1453 through May 29, 1453. It was a really well planned out attack that the Ottomans led, and the army protecting constantinople was greatly outnumbered.
The seizer of constantinople took everyone by surprise, because the Muslims weren't the biggest threat to anyone. It was usually the Europeans that started all of the wars between themselves and the Muslims but now this Turk powered Ottoman Empire was relentless and overpowering. They started by first setting up forts along Dardanelles, a neighboring city to Constantinople, and then all at once they had the 80,000 to 200,000 men march to constantinople. The army protecting Constantinople was greatly outnumbered, as they only totaled to 7,000 men, while the Ottomans had 80,000 to 200,000 men. The majority of the Ottomans started by firing at the walls, while a small number of them went of to seize the less populated areas of Constantinople. The plans of the Ottomans to simple get in by firing at the walls did not work at all, and at one point the Ottomans tried to peacefully deal with the situation, and they offered to stop the conquest if the city was given to them. Then when this offer was denied by the Byzantine Empire, a massive wave of Ottomans charged at the walls, but they did not manage to enter the great city. After that wave, the city of Constantinople was hit by a second wave of Ottomans, and this wave did manage to breach a section of the walls. Shortly after that, the Ottomans discovered an unlocked gate, and they quickly flooded the city, ending the seizer. This picture here show the flood of the Ottomans into Constantinople. And that is how the Ottomans managed to take over this very powerful city of Constantinople.
The Incan and Aztec Empires were politically and religiously very different, but followed the same idea of gender spots in their society. Very quickly, the Aztec empire did not make any of their conquered people do anything, they left them alone while the Inca empire made them do work in families households, on farms, and in temples. Discussing the religious subject, the Incas practiced human sacrifices on the religious events every now and then, but not as much as the Aztecs; they completed this sacrifice a great amount.
Megan, Lizzie, and I created the South-East Asian Empire, which was found right next to the Ming dynasty and close to the coast of South east asia, and near the Himalayas.
The Incan empire had a majority of people that spoke Quechua. This large empire was located along the Andes mountains near the west coast of South America. Comparing it to the Aztec empire, the Incan was much larger, stretching to about 2, 500 miles. They are known for their bureaucratic system in which a high emperor reigns at the top and covers about eighty provinces with peasants working below them. The Incan also allowed their group of people to follow their own religious traditions, so they were not forced to follow a specific Incan priority. The one thing that got me interested was the gender system. The book did not get very specific on every detail, but it made me realize how woman stood in society.
Sunday, September 27, 2009
Friday, September 25, 2009
The Aztec’s were once a great nation in Mesoamerica. Along with the Incas, they were one of the most powerful empires in the Americas. They were able to successfully build numerous temples that still stand today including the Chichen Itza, which is one of the world seven architectural wonders. Unfortunately for them, the Spaniards came to the Americas in the 1600th century. Along with warfare and diseases, they individually, brought down the Aztec empire. With their first encounter with the Spaniards, the Aztecs wanted to use the Spanish soldiers as sacrifices for their rituals. Also, they demanded numerous tributes from the Spaniards to enhance their society. The Spaniards did not want to pay these immense tributes, so they destroyed the Aztec empires. The Aztecs would remain as one of the greatest empires mezzo-America had ever seen, but they cursed themselves with these sacrifices and tributes that they wanted.
Thursday, September 17, 2009
Had this era been omitted from history, Asian countries would most likely be our contemporary super powers. Resource-empty Europe only was able to succeed because of the pressure that Asian countries put on them. Europe had to find resources in order to stay alive in this competitive game of survival, that we call the 16th century. By exploiting the Americas and Africa, Europe was able to take advantage of the resources around them. And there's no way they would have been able to even reach these countries with such ease, if not for their powerful navy.
Wednesday, September 16, 2009
I would call this period the rapid transition. The evidence that most prominently would agree with this tittle is the the history of Spain in the 1500s. All of a sudden, Spain was exporting 85% of the world's sliver out of the AMericas and taking it directly to China and the Philipeans where due to the Chinese's now single tax instead of many tax levies, it was possible to import tons, literally, of silk and other goods out of China. Due to all of this trading, the Spaniard's economy boomed but it was only an inflation because people didnt continue to stimulate it through more buisness ventures and other things besides jut silver trading. The America's also would support this tittle because all of a sudden westerners came bringing with them diseases and the idea of free labor from the Native Americans. They were killed off by the thousands and in some places only 10% of the population survived the mass take over. Due to Japan's healthy changes in population control, enviornment, and economy their economy was able to outlast the silver boom. SO this could be interpretted as not being evidence to support my title. Their transition took more time, because one of their biggest problems was population. There is no way a population can be healthily controled in less that a couple of generations. Japan did however make a tranistion for their future.
Our empire would be similar to the ottomans because we both started out as harsh warriors and then created a prosperous and semi-peaceful kingdom. Also similar to the ottomans is the fact that we have very diverse terrain. From the high and dry Andes to the lush and bountiful rain forest there is all types of land.
We are similar to the moguls in that both of us are governing people with different religions from us. However, instead of oppressing the, we will encourage them. We are different in that we adopt the religion as our own and help build many temples worshiping Incan gods.
The Aztecs are similar to us because we both started out on islands, but then through our negotiations, warfare, and marriages we were able to establish an immense empire.
Contrary to the Ming’s centralized government, we will have a capital but governors with province capitals in each of the provinces. Similar to them however is our way of exploring. We will try to reach and discover new lands; we unlike the Ming will try to take it over since our empire is only expanding. A lot of money and resources will be given to expeditions going into unknown territories.
We are not at all similar to the Safavids because no religion will be imposed on our people because this will in the end create immense political unrest and contradict our plans to pacify the Incan people. Our take-over of the Incans will try to be not a huge change for the people, but just a huge change for us in that we get lots more money.
The empire of Magicia relates to the studied empires in multiple ways. As we, the Sun God’s children, gained more and more knowledge of the various domains, we chose to adopt the styles and mannerisms that we liked and noticed ways that led to success. Some of the aspects of the various neighboring empires were:
Ming: According to the textbook, the Ming dynasty held “heir to a long tradition of effective governance, Confucian and Daoist philosophy, a major Buddhist presence, sophisticated artistic achievements, and a highly productive economy.” (Pg. 370, Ways of the World textbook) The listed aspects of the dynasty were ones we took note of, and chose to include some of them into the lifestyle of Magicias. Our empire strives to have a steady and significant government, causing the people of our colony to respect and trust their rulers. Our island is known as the “island of ideas,” which includes artistic developments of every kind. We plan on bringing our discoveries along with us as we travel and conquer. As for a productive economy, we aspire to hold that title as well. The ideas and schemes we propose to neighboring communities can be bargained for money, power, and land, which in turn will open many doors to discovering new ways of producing a successful economy.
Aztec: The Aztecs were known for their productive military capacity, which impressed us immensely. Through negotiation and perseverance, they were able to build their own capital city of Tenochtitlan. They took an aggressive stance for their military, and in turn were able to bring “more of Mesoamerica within a single political framework ever before.” (Page 384 Ways of the World textbook) Being able to embark on a military journey much like that of the Aztecs is one Magicia plans on doing, and are in the midst of building an unbeatable army. As for their method of payment, the Aztecs required the conquered peoples and cities to “regularly deliver to their Aztec rulers impressive quantities of textiles and clothing, military supplies, jewelry, etc.” (Page 384, Ways of the World) We do not plan on copying exactly this method of the Aztecs, but one similar to it is one we plan on executing. Due to the fact that we will be providing an enjoyable and successful lifestyle for those that we conquer, we will expect the same respect in return, both through methods of payment as well as appropriate well being.
Inca: The Inca Empire was named the Western Hemisphere’s largest imperial state. We plan on Magicia carrying the same name. Not only in population, but also in terms of power, wealth, and supremacy. The Incan government was one in which we choose to adopt and incorporate in our empire. They ran a bureaucratic empire, however allowing many accommodations for local situations. “At the top reigned the emperor, an absolute ruler regarded as divine, a descendant of the creator god Viracocha and the son of the sun god Inti.” (Page 386, Ways of the World) Due to the fact that we stand as the three children of Inti, we hold the absolute highest ranking in society. Below us rules an Emperor, governors, and various appointing and supervising citizens overseeing one of the many regions of Magicia. Holding this style of Government, we plan to be successful throughout our journey of domination.
Russia: The Russians held multiple qualities that the empire of Magicia plans on incorporating in our lifestyle, however one deliberately stood out. “Everywhere Russian authorities demanded an oath of allegiance by which native peoples swore “eternal submission to the grand tsar,” the monarch of the Russian Empire.” As mentioned earlier, as the children of Inti and acting as the ultimate leaders of our empire, we expect the devotion we deserve. We have genuine intentions in befriending the civilizations conquered by us and luring them under our rule, however with the expectations that they will respect us. We will not demand grand quantities of tribute and require absolute devotion from all, yet we do insist assuring that our people are aware of our power and take that into consideration at all times.
Ottomans: The Ottomans diligent mannerism of staying dominant is a quality us Magicians admire greatly. Standing as the creators of the Turkic warrior groups, a significantly aggressive clan of warriors, the Ottomans were successful in sweeping over the majority of the Middle East, North America, and southeastern Europe in order to “create the Islamic world’s most significant empire.” (Page 425 Ways of the World) Along with its substantial power in conquering and taking over almost all neighboring areas, the Ottomons were also known for their “Persian culture, especially its poetry, painting, and traditions of imperial splendor.” (Page 425 Ways of the World) Both qualities the Ottomons hold of successfully defeating all of their challengers as well as including cultural diversity into its lifestyle were ones we found extremely successful. We plan on creating somewhat of the same name for ourselves, in someday being known as one of the greatest elite’s of the new world, along with carrying respectable assets along the way.
Safavids: The Safavids made a daring move that Magicians respect but do not agree with. In forcibly imposing a “Shia version of Islam” (Page 380 Ways of the Worlds) on the Persian lands, they did “gain popular support and came to define the unique identity of Persian culture.” (Page 380 Ways of the World) However, we do not agree with forcing a religion. When conquering lands, we plan on being open to adopting the religion(s) of those now under our rule, along with openly introducing the religion we practice on the island of Magicia. In doing this, our people will feel as though their voice can be hard as well, allowing them to have a say in the religion(s) of the empire.
Mughals: The four empires of Ottomon, Safavid, Songhay, and Mughal “brought to the Islamic world a greater measure of political cohrence, military power, economic prosperity, and cultural brilliance.” (Page 381, Ways of the World) The Mughal empire played a crucial role in creating political unity, resulting in “a land of great wealth and imperial splendor.” (Page 381, Ways of the World) That is exactly what we intend to do as well. In staying dominant and using the knowledge we will have gained along our journey, the Magicians will lead our conquered lands in significantly better shape than before. Consistently maintaining a strong army ready to fight at any time, along with proficient work techniques and never taking a step without sustaining constant class and using the adopted ideas of varying empires, the Magicians will defeat all.
Tuesday, September 15, 2009
Ottoman Empire: Like the Ottoman Empire we took over the Songhay and the tribes of the Savannah through spreading our religion which is Christianity. Our religion was our source of influence.
Portugal: Like the Portuguese we had a ruler too however our ruler had to work hand in hand with church officials because it had to agree with the religion.
Safavid: Unlike the Safavid who split the politics and religion we didn't. For them it caused them to rise while for us it was our downfall.
Mughal Empire: The Mughal Empire was known for their religious tolerance which allowed them to conquer India. However we forced everyone to be Christians since we believed that this would help us to be accepted at the beginning it allowed us to rise but after a couple hundreds of years we declined because our people saw this as a restriction of freedom.
Aztec: In the Aztec Empire women and men were regarded as equals both men and women were allowed to work at temples. However our empire was Christian at is not considered decent for a women to hold a status as priestess.
Quick Overview: Our empire was based in California, or Marjoria, and was separate from most of the other empires. We did not choose to expand much since there were vast mountain ranges to the east, conflicts going on to the south, and a poor environment up north. We relied on trade with the Native Americans at first then set sail for Russia Spain, China and East Asia.
Like Spain, our empire was able to conquer native people with ease. Spain did this because they were more technologically advanced than the Incas and Aztecs. The same goes for our empire because we chose to trade with China and gained access to better artillery.
When comparing our empire to the Ming Dynasty, you will notice that the Ming Dynasty often came in to conflict with the Mongols and were under their rule for about a century. However, our empire was relatively peaceful, having simply conquered Native Americans with not much effort.
When looking at the Aztecs, they have a “loosely structured and unstable conquest state, which witnessed frequent rebellions by its subject people.” Because our empire was much smaller and had a very complex but stable government, there is no rebellions or conflicts.
When you look at the Ottoman Empire you can see why they thrived. That is because this empire was built around so many different cultures. However, this is where our empire lacked what I think is necessary for any empire; diversity in culture and ethnicity.
Very similar to Portugal, our empire maintained a strong trading network along our coastline. We chose to sail towards China, Spain and Russia, forming relations with them much like Portugal did with their voyages down the west coast of Africa.